Publication Ethics



MARAWA is a peer-reviewed journal published by the Institute for Research and Community Service (LP2M) UIN Mahmud Yunus Batusangkar. This statement describes the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of posting an article in this journal, including the author, editor-in-chief, Editorial Board, peer-reviewers, and publisher. This statement is based on the COPE Best Practices Guidelines for Journal Editors.


Journal Publication Guidelines

Publication of articles in peer-reviewed MARAWA Journals is an important development block in building a coherent and respected network of knowledge. This is a direct reflection of the quality of the authors' work and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree on standards of ethical behavior expected for all parties involved in the act of publishing: authors, journal editors, peer reviewers, publishers, and the public.

The Institute for Research and Community Service (LP2M) UIN Mahmud Yunus Batusangkar as publisher of the MARAWA Journal takes its duties of safeguarding all stages of publication very seriously, and we are aware of our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprints or additional commercial revenue have no impact or influence on editorial decisions. Additionally, LP2M UIN Mahmud Yunus Batusangkar and the Editorial Board will assist in communication with other journals and publishers where this is useful and necessary.


A.  Editor in Chief

Publication decisions

MARAWA's Editor In Chief is responsible for deciding which articles are submitted to the journal for publication. Validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers should always drive such decisions. Editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and limited by applicable legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Section editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Professional (justice)

An editor at all times evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy.


Editors and any editorial staff should not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Any manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. They may not be shown or discussed with others except as permitted by the editor.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript may not be used in the editor's research without the written consent of the author.


B.  Reviewer Duties

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer review helps editors in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with authors can also help authors in improving papers.


Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that prompt review is not possible, should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.

Objectivity Standards

Reviews should be conducted as objective, personal criticism of the author's inappropriate actions. Referees must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.


Any manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. Reviewers may not show or discuss with others except as permitted by the editor.

Source Acknowledgment

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the author. Any statements that derive observations, or reported arguments must be accompanied by appropriate citations. Reviewers should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under consideration and other published papers of which they are personally aware.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any author, company, or institution associated with the paper.


C.  Author's Duties

Reporting standards

Research report writers must present an accurate (original) account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be represented accurately on the paper. A paper should contain enough detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Deceptive or intentionally inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are requested to provide raw data in connection with the paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if possible, and should under no circumstances. be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original acts and if the author has used the work, or words of others they must be cited appropriately.

Multiple, Excessive, or Simultaneous Publication

An author may not generally publish manuscripts describing substantially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same paper simultaneously to more than one journal is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

Source Acknowledgment

Proper recognition of the work of others should always be given. Authors should cite publications that were influential in determining the nature of the work reported.

Paper Writing

Authorship should be limited to those who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the reported study. All persons who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where others have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author must ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the article and have approved its submission for publication.

Fundamental errors in published work

When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.